British Air Forces 1914-18 by Andrew Cormack

By Andrew Cormack

The outbreak of worldwide struggle i discovered the British Army's Royal Flying Corps with simply over 2 hundred fragile, unarmed reconnaissance airplane, and a uniformed power of simply over 2,000 all ranks; the Royal Naval Air carrier had a few 50 seaplanes. through the Armistice of 1918 the unified Royal Air strength used to be the most important on the planet, with approximately 22,650 aeroplanes - together with a strategic bomber strength - and 27,330 males working from a few seven hundred bases. This moment in a two-part learn covers RAF, WRAF and RAFNS uniforms from the unification of the carrier in April 1918; and the entire span of flying garments in the course of the nice warfare.

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However, in 1915 the airships remained a definite threat to an uncertain London. The latest type of Zeppelin in use at that time had an internal keel gangway, three gondolas mounting a number of machine-guns, balanced monoplane rudders and elevators, and was powered by four heavy Maybach engines. On the night of 8th–9th September, 1915, the L. 13, commanded by Kapitanleutnant Heinrich Mathy, perhaps the most resolute officer in the Luftschiffabteilung, bombed London and caused widespread damage, at the same time inflicting a number of civilian casualties.

The visibility was exceptionally good,” reported Brandenburg afterwards, “with perfect clearness, the Thames bridges, the railway stations, the City, even the Bank of England, could be recognised…. ” Flying too high to be reached by fighters or anti-aircraft fire, the bombers had simply ignored the defences, and of the ninety-two British pilots who took off to intercept them, only one, a Bristol Fighter, managed to get within range and actually attack the formation. Return fire from the Gothas killed the observer.

The German Naval Air Service came into being in 1912 as an essential part of the Imperial Navy, and a year later was divided into an airship section, known as the Marine Luftschiffabteilung, and an aeroplane and seaplane section, designated the Marine Fliegerabteilung. Due to the great interest and enthusiasm that the huge Zeppelin dirigibles mistakenly engendered in the German people before the war, the Naval Air Service in 1914 possessed only about twenty aeroplanes and a few seaplanes, and the Marine Fliegerabteilung continued to be neglected as a fighting service until 1917, when the remarkable Hansa-Brandenburg seaplanes designed by Ernst Heinkel were introduced, proving highly successful in many an air action over the North Sea.

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British Air Forces 1914-18 by Andrew Cormack
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