Britain and the Origins of the First World War by Zara Steiner, Keith Neilson

By Zara Steiner, Keith Neilson

How and why did Britain get involved within the First international struggle? making an allowance for the scholarship of the final twenty-five years, this moment version of Zara S. Steiner's vintage examine, completely revised with Keith Neilson, explores an issue that's as hugely contentious as ever.

While keeping the elemental argument that Britain went to conflict in 1914 no longer because of inner pressures yet as a reaction to exterior occasions, Steiner and Neilson reject fresh arguments that Britain turned concerned as a result of fears of an 'invented' German risk, or to guard her Empire. as an alternative, putting higher emphasis than sooner than at the position of Russia, the authors convincingly argue that Britain entered the conflict so one can defend the eu stability of strength and the nation's beneficial place inside of it.

Lucid and entire, Britain and the Origins of the 1st global War brings jointly the bureaucratic, diplomatic, financial, strategical and ideological elements that resulted in Britain's access into the good struggle, and continues to be the main entire survey of the pre-war scenario.

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It is possible to trace how imperial tensions and naval and military weakness led to a drift away from the Triple Alliance. One can postulate why the British effort at an understanding with Germany at the turn of the century failed. It was only one of many efforts to underwrite a threatened world position and was neither unanimously supported nor realistic in its aims. One can chart the rise of mutual antipathy stimulated in Germany by the campaign for a large navy and compounded in Britain by the Kaiser's outbursts and the Wilhelmstrasse's tendency to extract its pound offlesh at a time of difficulty .

16 But Sanderson's was already a minority voice. At best, those in the Cabinet and Foreign Office not overtly hostile to Germany argued in favour of a tertius gaudens; a middle position between the Dual and Triple Alliance. The move away from Germany was not the result of any conscious decision on the British part but the consequence of uncontrollable shifts in the international scene. The new factor was the building of the German fleet, yet the full implications of the Tirpitz programme had not been understood when Britain began her drift towards France and Russia.

The Germans later insisted that Manchuria, the focus of Russian interest, was excluded from the arrangement, an interpretation which scarcely surprised Lord Salisbury. When Lansdowne tried to invoke German help in March 1901, the agreement collapsed. During the winter, the pro-German faction in the Conservative Cabinet increased in numbers and influence. In November 1900 Lansdowne had replaced Salisbury at the Foreign Office; Selborne at the Admiralty and Brodrick at the War Office joined forces with those who favoured a German Far Eastern agreement.

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Britain and the Origins of the First World War by Zara Steiner, Keith Neilson
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