Biplanes and Bombsights: British Bombing in World War I by George K Williams

By George K Williams

Colonel Williams offers a finished research of British bombing efforts within the nice struggle. He contends that the professional model of prices and effects underplays the prices whereas overplaying the implications. Supported by way of postwar findings of either US and British overview groups, he argues that British bombing efforts have been considerably much less potent than heretofore believed. Colonel Williams additionally provides a powerful argument that German air defenses brought on significantly much less harm to British forces than pilot mistakes, malfunctioning airplane, and undesirable climate. That we believed another way helps the suggestion that British bombing raids had pressured Germany to move major air resources to protect opposed to them. Williams, even though, came across no proof that this type of move happened. real effects, Colonel Williams argues, stand in powerful distinction to claimed effects.

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Preparations at Ochey continued ; under the fitful scrutiny of the War Cabinet in London . The commencement of active air operations did not, however, signify that the points of contention between Whitehall and the field had been resolved . As head of the Royal Flying Corps in France ; and responsible for the fortunes of this new Cabinet bombing scheme, Trenchard was particularly disturbed at the government's recent decisions . The politicians had ignored his pleas for Western Front offensives .

But his first appearance before the Cabinet (20 June 1917) provided little encouragement ; he dismissed the politicians' scheme to mount an airborne patrol belt across southern England as purely defensive and doomed to fail. "9 This overland offensive would dovetail nicely with the plans of Trenchard's superior, Sir Douglas Haig, who presented his plan for the forthcoming Flanders campaign to the War Cabinet . 37 BIPLANES AND BOMBSIGHTS As the next best solution, Trenchard proposed an aerial counteroffensive on the Western Front to destroy the enemy's "aeroplanes and bases," thus "reducing his power to send expeditions to England:"'° Attrition, said ` Trenchard, would eventually force the German aviation service to redeploy squadrons in order to minimize high tactical losses .

A. Jones, War in the Air, vol. 6, 122. 40. AIR 2/123, Lord George Nathaniel Curzon, memorandum to War Committee, 9 November 1916 . 41. AIR 2/123, Haig to War Office, letter, 1 November 1916. 42. Neville Jones, The Origins ofStrategic Bombing, 114. 43. PRO, AIR l / 111/ 15/39/ 1, Official Raid Report, Officer Commanding No. 3 Wing to Admiralty, 4 March 1917; see also Official Raid Report, "No. S. Operations from Luxeuil and Ochey-Details of Air Raids over Enemy Territory,  26 February 1917 . 31 BIPLANES AND BOMBSIGHTS 44.

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Biplanes and Bombsights: British Bombing in World War I by George K Williams
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