Biomedical informatics. Computer applications in health care by Edward H. Shortliffe

By Edward H. Shortliffe

The perform of contemporary drugs and biomedical study calls for subtle info applied sciences with which to control sufferer info, plan diagnostic systems, interpret laboratory effects, and perform investigations. Biomedical Informatics offers either a conceptual framework and a pragmatic idea for this rapidly rising clinical self-discipline on the intersection of machine technology, selection technological know-how, details technological know-how, cognitive technology, and biomedicine. Now revised and in its third version, this article meets the becoming call for via practitioners, researchers, and scholars for a complete creation to key subject matters within the field. Authored through leaders in scientific informatics and widely demonstrated of their classes, the chapters during this quantity represent an efficient textbook for college students of clinical informatics and its components of software. The ebook is additionally an invaluable reference paintings for person readers wanting to appreciate the function that desktops can play within the provision of scientific providers and the pursuit of organic questions. the quantity is geared up in order first to give an explanation for easy techniques after which to demonstrate them with particular structures and applied sciences.

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Extra resources for Biomedical informatics. Computer applications in health care and biomedicine

Example text

In the late 1990s, the director of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), Harold Varmus, appointed an advisory group called the Working Group on Biomedical Computing. In June 1999, the group provided a report6 recommending that the NIH undertake an initiative called the Biomedical Information Science and Technology Initiative (BISTI). With the subsequent creation of another NIH organization called the Bioinformatics Working Group, the visibility of informatics applications in biology was greatly enhanced.

The Medical Record and Clinical Trials The arguments for automating medical records are summarized in Chapters 2 and 12 and in the Institute of Medicine’s report on computer-based patient records (CPRs; Dick and Steen, 1991 [revised 1997]). One argument that warrants emphasis is the importance of the electronic record in supporting clinical trials—experiments in which data from specific patient interactions are pooled and analyzed in order to learn about the safety and efficacy of new treatments or tests and to gain insight into disease processes that are not otherwise well understood.

13). 14). Everything changed radically in the late 1970s and early 1980s, when the microprocessor and the personal computer (PC) or microcomputer became available. Not only could hospital departments afford minicomputers but now individuals also could afford microcomputers. This change enormously broadened the base of computing in our society and gave rise to a new software industry. 15). Within a few years, a wide range of computer-based information 9 The latter system was subsequently taken over and further developed by the Technicon Corporation (subsequently TDS Healthcare Systems Corporation).

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Biomedical informatics. Computer applications in health care by Edward H. Shortliffe
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