By Edward Hancock
The e-book covers intimately the assaults of 14-18 July 1916 opposed to the Bazentin Woods and villages and past. Walks and excursions of the environment parts are integrated with distinct motion maps.
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Extra resources for BAZENTIN RIDGE: SOMME (Battleground Europe)
3 Haig and the other commanders of the Great War were, in many ways, nineteenth century military leaders thrust into the ﬁrst industrial, total war of the twentieth century. Militarily raised on the primacy of the offensive and the central importance of morale, Haig now found himself in a war dominated by ﬁrepower and the defensive. Thus Haig faced one of the most daunting problems provided by modern military history. Lacking the proper weaponry and communications, how should the BEF, in tandem with the French, endeavor to overcome the defensive prowess of the German trench system in an effort to achieve victory?
The ten-day offensive was successful in many areas, penetrating the German lines to a depth of 1,000 meters at a cost of sixteen thousand casualties. Though predictably the greatest gains of the offensive came in its earliest moments, the overall results were much more like those of Neuve Chapelle and helped to restore the conﬁdence of both Haig and French in decisive victory. A following minor offensive at Givenchy in June did nothing to alter Haig’s enthusiasm. Following the battle a commander of the bef 35 period of relative inactivity set in for nearly three months as French began to plan for the next major British offensive.
Thus the state of weaponry during the Great War tilted the delicate balance of warfare toward the defender. Finally, attacking forces in the Great War lacked two allimportant things: communications and a weapon of exploitation. Before World War I commanders had been able to see their battleﬁeld and control it through the use of runners. Robert E. Lee, for instance, could often see almost the entire battleﬁeld and was able to issue instructions to his forces with relative ease. The Industrial Revolution, however, changed that.
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