BATTLE OF THE BALTIC ISLANDS 1917: Triumph of the Imperial by Gary Staff

By Gary Staff

In past due 1917, the Russians, regardless of the revolution, have been nonetheless keen to proceed the battle opposed to Germany. this is often an account of Operation Albion, the hugely profitable sea borne operation introduced through the Germans to alter their minds. The Baltic Islands have been pivotal for the safety of the Finnish Gulf and St. Petersburg, so their trap used to be crucial for any crusade in the direction of the Russian capital. merely after the autumn of the islands did Russia start peace negotiations (freeing approximately part one million German squaddies for the Kaiser's final gamble at the Western Front). This then was once a crusade of significant importance for the conflict on either japanese and Western fronts.

A huge a part of the excessive Sea Fleet took half within the invasion of the Baltic islands, together with the main glossy dreadnought battleships. The Russians fastened a resolute protection regardless of being seriously outgunned and over a 10 day interval there have been many naval clashes round the islands in addition to the crusade ashore, all of that are defined intimately with using either Russian and German first hand accounts.

This publication shatters the parable that the Imperial German army spent the final years of the warfare cowering in port.


"A very designated operational account of the hugely profitable German amphibious landings in October of 1917 at the Russian islands of Osel and Dago, off what's now Lithuania.... very important analyzing for an individual drawn to amphibious and joint operations." The NYMAS evaluation, wintry weather 2009

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Additional info for BATTLE OF THE BALTIC ISLANDS 1917: Triumph of the Imperial German Navy

Sample text

The English submarine E1 was stationed off Libau in an ambush and observation position and observed some of the units from Libau putting to sea, but neither carried out an attack nor realized the significance of what she had observed, and therefore made no report. On 12 October E1 set course back to Hango. During the afternoon of 11 October the Special Unit progressed slowly northward. Ahead was the first section, preceded by the trawlers of the S-Flotilla of the Baltic with broken out minesweeper gear, then came the second section preceded by the II Minesweeper Flotilla, likewise with sweeper gear set.

The main German source is the official history, Der Krieg in der Ostsee. This was written with reference to all of the log books of the participating ships, so that it was written partly using the observations of the commanders on the spot. Likewise, the recollections of Leutnant zur See Friedrich Ruge in his autobiography and short publication about his time on the torpedo boat B110. In the late 1970s and early 1980s I was acquainted with Professor Ruge and visited him twice at his home in Tübingen.

The Moon Sound channel was the main arterial link for reinforcements but even with its dredged depth it was considered impassable for the battleships Andrei Pervozvannyi and Respublika (formerly Imperator Pavel I). The leader of the Naval Forces of the Riga Gulf was Vice Admiral Michael Koronatovich Bakhirev, known to his colleagues as ‘Crown’. Rear Admiral K K Pilkin wrote of him: ‘He was a clever, simple and kind person. He was trusted, listened to the opinions of those older, more experienced in naval traditions, and was very popular in the Fleet’.

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BATTLE OF THE BALTIC ISLANDS 1917: Triumph of the Imperial by Gary Staff
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