Bacteriocins, Microcins and Lantibiotics by Roberto Kolter, Felipe Moreno (auth.), Richard James, Claude

By Roberto Kolter, Felipe Moreno (auth.), Richard James, Claude Lazdunski, Franc Pattus (eds.)

Provided listed here are fresh findings on bacteriocins: plasmid-encoded pollution produced through micro organism, which range from conventional antibiotics in killing in simple terms micro organism which are heavily concerning the manufacturing pressure. incorporated are introductory chapters on bacteriocins, microcins (low molecular weight bacteriocins), and lantibiotics (peptide antibiotics containing lanthionine), additional, contributions on pore forming bacteriocins, the mechanisms of immunity to bacteriocins, uptake and secretion, in addition to evolution of bacteriocins. it truly is of specific curiosity that the lantibiotic nisin is authorized to be used as meals preservative and one other lantibiotic, epidermin, has capability as a healing drug opposed to zits.

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2 kb (Muriana & Klaenhammer, 1991b). Alternatively, NCK64 retains this region suggesting that loss of lactacin F production resulted from a point mutation in the structural gene which did not disturb lactacin F-related processing or immunity functions. The failure to express helveticin J in NCK89 suggests that all the essential processing and immunity infoImation for the production of helveticin J are either not present on the fragment cloned in pTRK135, or not expressed properly in L. acidophilus.

The lactic acid bacteria produce three general classes of antimicrobial proteins which include (I) lantibiotics, (II) small hydrophobic heat-stable peptides « 13,000 daltons), and (III) large heat-labile proteins (> 30,000 daltons). Foremost among the characterized bacteriocins is the lantibiotic nisin produced by Lactococcus lac tis subsp. lactis. This small 34 amino acid peptide contains two sulfur-containing amino acids,lanthionine and beta-methyllanthionine. Within the Lactoba- cillaceae, lantibiotics had not been described prior to this conference.

We hypothesize that the mcbBCD gene products facilitate modifications which fold proMccB 17, perhaps by crosslinking the peptide, and that this folding accounts for the decrease in apparent molecular weight. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Figure 6. Leucine labeling of MccB 11 precur" sorand proMccB 17. 5 kDa references. Lane 2, molecular weight standards as in Figure 5. Lanes 3, 4 and 5 contain proteins from the producing strain while lanes 6, 7 and 3 contain proteins from the strain with the insertion in the mcbA gene.

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Bacteriocins, Microcins and Lantibiotics by Roberto Kolter, Felipe Moreno (auth.), Richard James, Claude
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