By Hari Mohan Mathur
This e-book exhibits how social effect evaluation (SIA), which emerged slightly 5 a long time in the past, with a view to expect and deal with almost certainly unfavourable social affects of establishing dams, energy stations, city infrastructure, highways, industries, mining and different improvement initiatives, is now commonly in use as a making plans software, specifically in built nations. even if SIA has nonetheless no longer received a lot popularity between improvement planners in Asia, the location is steadily altering. In India, SIA at first mandated as a coverage guide in 2007 is now a felony requirement. SIA in China has additionally lately turn into compulsory for particular types of improvement initiatives. Bangladesh, Laos, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka are different Asian international locations that supply examples from quite a few externally funded tasks illustrating using social influence research in undertaking making plans to enhance improvement results. With contributions from an array of best specialists, this booklet is a precious source on SIA, necessary for policymakers, planners, and practitioners in govt, foreign improvement companies, private-sector undefined, deepest banks, specialists, lecturers, researchers and scholars of social sciences and improvement reports, additionally NGOs in every single place, no longer in Asia alone.
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Additional resources for Assessing the Social Impact of Development Projects: Experience in India and Other Asian Countries
Affected populations and impacts are then identified through a series of steps including a census, an inventory of lost and affected assets and socioeconomic surveys and 1 Introduction 3 studies of all affected people (IFC 2002: 13). This data serves not only as a basis for designing resettlement plans but later also for monitoring the implementation of those plans. Even private sector projects and private banks now require some kind of a prior assessment of impacts that the proposed intervention may produce on the project area population.
The difficulty in ascertaining the actual number of ‘poor’ households in STDP is a good example. Perera argues that a flexible resettlement implementation plan based on a comprehensive database, derived from a scientifically conducted SIA, is a prerequisite of any development project that triggers land acquisition and resettlement. Adequate budget and committed resettlement personnel are needed to implement a resettlement plan. Affected persons’ aspirations, views and suggestions also need to be taken into account in resettlement planning and implementation.
Teresa Serra describes the challenges in gathering high-quality information and formulating a comprehensive detailed plan in consultation with all stakeholders. At first, the government, NTPC (Nam Theun 2 Power Company) and other stakeholders found adhering to the World Bank’s requirements too demanding. They also saw the World Bank as continuously expanding both the geographical scope and the coverage of the impact analysis, without clearly defining what those acceptable requirements were. Civil society groups, on the other hand, were of the view that analyses were not comprehensive enough and ignored the potential problems of the people who were likely to be affected by the project.
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