By B. Stonehouse
Arctic atmospheric toxins is now an incredible foreign factor. This quantity offers the main authoritative assessment of this more and more very important topic for an viewers of either scientists and directors enthusiastic about around the world, in addition to polar, pollutants difficulties. Arctic pollution is an edited selection of papers, first provided at a convention helo because the Scott Polar examine Institute in Cambridge in 1985. construction on foundations validated at previous conferences, this quantity examines the matter of Arctic pollution in an built-in, multidisciplinary type, with contributions from best experts in chemistry, ecology, climatology and epidemiology. To chemists, physicists and climatologists, it offers medical difficulties. Ecologists are occupied with environmental threats; clinical researchers with power threats to human overall healthiness. foreign legal professionals and directors are interested by the felony implications of toxins transferred throughout continents. total hangs the foremost query; can man-made toxins have an effect on the fragile strength stability of the Arctic, and precipitate significant climatic swap around the globe?
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Additional info for Arctic Air Pollution
AND OTHERS. 1980. The background levels of the summer tropospheric aerosol and trace gases in Greenland. Journal of aerosol Science, 11: 95—110. HEINTZENBERG, J. 1980. Particle size distribution and optical= properties of Arctic haze. Tellus, 32: 251-60. HEINTZENBERG, J. and LARSSEN, S. 1983. SO2 AND SO4 in the Arctic: interpretations of observations at three Norwegian Arctic-Subarctic stations. Tellus, 35B: 255—65. HEINTZENBERG, J. AND OTHERS. 1981. The chemical composition of Arctic haze at Ny-lesund, Spitsbergen.
A. 1985. Atmospheric particles; their physical/chemical characteristics and deposition processes relevant to the chemical composition of glaciers. Annals of Glaciology, 7: 100-108. BARRIE, L. A. AND HOFF, R. M. 1984. The oxidation rate and residence time of sulphur dioxide in the arctic atmosphere. Atmospheric Environment, 18: 2711—22. BARRIE, L. A. AND HOFF, R. M. 1985. Five years of air chemistry observations in the Canadian Arctic. Atmospheric Environment, BARRIE, L. A. AND OTHERS. 1981. The influence of mid-latitudinal pollution sources on haze in the Canadian Arctic.
The highest annual conductivity (acidity) occurs at the peak of arctic air pollution, and is therefore an indicator of pollution levels. Indeed, comparison of the historical record of maximum ice core conductivity (acidity) with that of SO2 and NO X emissions in Europe (including the western Soviet Union) during this century supports this hypothesis (Figure 11). As SO2 emissions remained roughly constant in the first part of the century, so ice core conductivity remained roughly constant, with the exception of a peak in 1912-13 associated with the eruption of Mt Katmai in the Aleutian Islands.
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