Applied Linguistics, volume 31, issue 2 , 2010 by Oxford University

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2005) that system or rule-based forms/ structures like the use of article functions are more amenable to WCF or particular types of WCF than item-based features like prepositions, for example. org by guest on December 31, 2010 The aims of this study were to investigate the efficacy of WCF on targeted linguistic error categories (two functional uses of the English article system) in new pieces of writing over time and to determine whether or not there was a differential effect on accuracy for three direct corrective feedback options (direct error correction with written and oral meta-linguistic explanation; direct error correction with written meta-linguistic explanation; direct error correction).

Participants Most of the students were migrants who had settled in New Zealand within 18 months of commencing study at the low-intermediate level. R. China (18 per cent). org by guest on December 31, 2010 Accuracy in using two functions of the English article system was measured over a 10-month period by means of a pre-test–post-test design (a pre-test at the beginning of the 10-month period and post-tests after 2 weeks, 2, 6 and 10 months). Fifty-two low-intermediate ESL learners were arbitrarily assigned to one of four groups: group 1 received direct error correction above each targeted error as well as written and oral meta-linguistic explanation; group 2 received direct error correction and written meta-linguistic explanation; group 3 received direct error correction; group 4 was the control group and therefore did not receive WCF.

Direct corrective feedback has most often been defined as the provision of the correct linguistic form or structure by the teacher to the student above or near the linguistic error. It may include the crossing out of an unnecessary word/ phrase/morpheme, the insertion of a missing word/phrase/morpheme, or the provision of the correct form or structure. More recently, direct corrective feedback has also included written meta-linguistic explanation (the provision of grammar rules and examples of correct usage).

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Applied Linguistics, volume 31, issue 2 , 2010 by Oxford University
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