By George Browne
George “Brownie” Browne was once a twenty-three-year-old civil engineer in Waterbury, Connecticut, while the us entered the good warfare in 1917. He enlisted shortly and served within the American Expeditionary Forces until eventually his discharge in 1919. An American Soldier in international battle I is an edited number of multiple hundred letters that Browne wrote to his fianc?e, Martha “Marty” Johnson, describing his reviews in the course of international conflict I as a part of the famed forty second, or Rainbow, department. From September 1917 until eventually he was once wounded within the Meuse-Argonne offensive in overdue October 1918, Browne served part through facet along with his comrades within the 117th Engineering Regiment. He participated in numerous shielding activities and in offensives at the Marne, at Saint-Mihiel, and within the Meuse-Argonne.This remarkable choice of Brownie’s letters unearths the daily lifetime of an American soldier within the ecu theater. The problems of educating, transportation to France, risks of wrestle, and the last word pressure on George and Marty’s courting are all captured in those pages. David L. Snead weaves the Browne correspondence right into a wider narrative approximately strive against, wish, and repair one of the American troops. via offering an outline of the stories of an ordinary American soldier serving within the American Expeditionary Forces in France, this learn makes a priceless contribution to the heritage and historiography of yank participation in global battle I. (20090409)
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Additional resources for An American Soldier in World War I (Studies in War, Society, and the Militar)
Honest you can’t sleep the night after you get one. . From your own, Brownie With the basic issues of hygiene addressed for the time being, the focus at Camp Mills fell to turning the men into soldiers. Army commanders had three speciﬁc training goals at the camp: discipline and unit cohesion; physical ﬁtness; and basic drill movements and soldier duties. m. m. After breakfast, the men drilled from 7:30 to 11:30, then broke for lunch until 1:15. They then participated in more drills until 4:30.
July 12, 1917 (Fort Slocum) My Own Marty, I took a sneak down to the Post Ofﬁce yesterday morning and got your letter. It certainly did me a world of good. . I like long letters, short letters, or cards, or anything you want to send me. , (2 july 15, 1917 . . There is always a ball-game going on here and usually two or Lines: 2 three. Sat. afternoon is always a big time. Foot-racing and all sorts ——— of athletic events. 999 amateur of course. . Then there are moving pictures nearly ——— every night free.
The ﬁrst week had marches of between ﬁve and six miles without packs or equipment. By the end of the fourth week, the soldiers were marching eight miles, fully equipped. Beyond marching, the soldiers’ training included close order drills, instruction in their speciﬁc areas of expertise (such as infantry, artillery, or engineering), and basic ﬁrst aid. 46 Soldiers were not trained, however, in trench warfare. 47 The preparation the men received was limited. ” 49 Another signiﬁcant problem was the ofﬁcers’ lack of training.
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