Alcohol and Drug Problems in Women by Oriana Josseau Kalant (auth.), Oriana Josseau Kalant (eds.)

By Oriana Josseau Kalant (auth.), Oriana Josseau Kalant (eds.)

Over the decade the area has skilled a turning out to be curiosity in difficulties linked to the nonmedical use of gear. This curiosity has corresponded to a true progress within the quantity, range, and social effect of using alcohol and medicine in lots of societies. for this reason, the volume of analysis and writing near to drug difficulties has significantly elevated, and it has develop into very tricky for one person to take care of with the entire correct literature. there's therefore an acute want within the box for severe experiences that examine present advancements, and the current sequence is meant to fill this desire. The sequence isn't really to be an "annual evaluation" within the traditional feel. the purpose isn't really to hide all of the paintings stated in the course of the previous yr on the subject of a set collection of themes. quite, it really is to give every year evaluative papers on themes during which adequate fresh growth has been made to change the final scope in a specific zone. as a result of the multidisciplinary nature of difficulties of drug use and dependence, the papers released in every one quantity should be drawn from numerous disciplines. even if, a few volumes will be dedicated to one partic­ ular challenge, with person reports and papers reading numerous elements of it. The composition of the editorial board and the overseas advisory board displays those pursuits. The editors are individuals of the senior medical employees of the dependancy examine beginning of Ontario.

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Alcohol and Drug Problems in Women

Over the past decade the area has skilled a growing to be curiosity in difficulties linked to the nonmedical use of substances. This curiosity has corresponded to a true progress within the quantity, variety, and social influence of using alcohol and medicine in lots of societies. hence, the quantity of study and writing almost about drug difficulties has enormously elevated, and it has turn into very tough for one person to take care of with the entire appropriate literature.

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In one picture, alcohol is medicine; in the other, it is poison. Both are plausible, and both at times fit the facts. In one gestalt, alcohol makes people merry and sociable; in the other, it brings out destructive impulses and destroys moral sensibilities. Since the early 19th century, both images have been part of the popular culture and imagination of the American people. The temperance movement developed the most articulate and elaborate version of the image of alcohol as destroyer. And temperance ideology offered the fullest use of alcohol as an explanation for social problems.

However, the overall question of the treatment of pregnant women who are dependent on alcohol, tobacco, or other drugs, compared with nonpregnant dependent women, does not appear to have been investigated. It would be most interesting and useful to make SEX DIFFERENCES IN ALCOHOL AND DRUG PROBLEMS 21 systematic comparisons of drug-dependent pregnant women and matched nonpregnant controls, with respect to rates of spontaneous quitting and of quitting after treatment. It seems reasonable to assume that the pregnant woman is more highly motivated than the nonpregnant woman to cease drug taking because of the highly publicized adverse effects of drugs on the fetus and because of the high concern that most women have for the health of their offspring.

For the time being, however, these questions remain 22 ORIANA JOSSEAU KALANT unanswered because most research has not addressed itself to the issue of patient Itreatment match, or to the question of possible sex differences, since most research has been done only in men. For obvious reasons, this important hypothesis evidently transcends the field of alcoholismand for that matter of all drug dependence -and is applicable in therapeutic approaches to all behavioral and affective disorders. Much research effort should be spent on this question in the years to come.

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Alcohol and Drug Problems in Women by Oriana Josseau Kalant (auth.), Oriana Josseau Kalant (eds.)
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