By Alan Richards
Documents the numerous alterations in demography, schooling, exertions markets, urbanization, water and agriculture, and foreign hard work migration within the center East in fresh years;
Considers the impression of emerging oil costs on reinforcement of authoritarian governance within the region;
Refines its evaluate of the Washington Consensus” to supply a extra nuanced method of the problem of the moving stability of country and marketplace in financial development and reform;
Presents Islamism as a necessary strength within the sector that's still an unlimited, varied social move with many conflicting participants;
Explores the effect of the Arab Spring and next occasions to the problems raised in the course of the textbook in a totally new chapter.
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Additional info for A Political Economy of the Middle East: Third Edition, UPDATED 2013 EDITION
Middle East—Economic conditions—1979– 2. Middle East—Economic policy. 3. Working class—Middle East. 4. Middle East—Politics and government—1979– I. Waterbury, John. II. Title. 956—dc22 2006037317 ISBN 978-0-8133-4929-9 (updated 2013 edition e-book) 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 CONTENTS Illustrations Preface to the Third Edition Acronyms and Abbreviations 1 INTRODUCTION Notes 2 THE FRAMEWORK OF THE STUDY Economic Growth and Structural Transformation State Structure and Development Policy Social Actors Structural Transformation and Interest Formation Defensive Modernization and Colonial Transformation Conclusion Notes 3 ECONOMIC GROWTH AND STRUCTURAL CHANGE The Natural Resource Base Oil Supply, Demand, and Economic Rents Patterns of Economic Growth Conclusion Notes 4 THE IMPACT OF DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGE Comparative Demographic Patterns The Economic Consequences of Demographic Change The Politics of Young Populations The Politics of Differential Fertility Rapid Population Growth and the Would-Be Middle Class Conclusion Notes 5 HUMAN CAPITAL: HEALTH, EDUCATION, AND LABOR MARKETS Health Conditions Educational Systems Labor Markets Conclusion Notes 6 WATER AND FOOD SECURITY The Food Gap Policy Constraints to Output Growth Water and the Imperative of a New Food Security Strategy Conclusion Notes 7 THE EMERGENCE OF THE PUBLIC SECTOR The State as Architect of Structural Transformation Atatürk and the Turkish Paradigm Replicating the Paradigm State Capitalism, the State Bourgeoisie, and the Process of Accumulation Notes 8 CONTRADICTIONS OF STATE-LED GROWTH The Continued Dominance of Public-Sector Enterprise The Political Economy of “Structural Adjustment,” Notes 9 RE-MIXING MARKET AND STATE: THE UNCERTAIN CAREER OF THE “WASHINGTON CONSENSUS” A Survey of Country Experiences Conclusion Notes 10 URBAN POLITICAL ECONOMY The Process of Urbanization Housing and Infrastructure Poverty and Distribution of Income Urban Politics and Political Violence Notes 11 POLITICAL REGIMES: AS VIEWED BY THEMSELVES AND OTHERS Socialist Republics “Liberal” Monarchies Established and Would-Be Democracies The Islamic Republics Future Regimes: Some Speculations Notes 12 SOLIDARISM AND ITS ENEMIES Small Groups and Clientelist Politics The Failure of Parties The Tenets of Solidarism The Failure of Ideology The Islamist Challenge Democracy Without Democrats?
The proof of the pudding will certainly be in the eating. Before proceeding to a more detailed discussion of each of our three variables in the context of the Middle East, it is worth emphasizing that they are interdependent. Each one influences and shapes the others; each is therefore both cause and effect, both starting point and outcome. 1). 1; this is a fully simultaneous model. The meaning of the interconnections may be illustrated as follows: 1. Economic growth and structural transformation have unintended outcomes to which state actors must respond.
A recurring theme of this edition, as with previous editions, is the constant interaction of politics and economics. In Chapter 5 we shall see that health has greatly improved in most countries—and that the exceptions (Iraq, Palestine, and Sudan) have straightforward political explanations. In Chapter 6 we shall see how food security for most Middle Easterners continues to be quite respectable—with the ghoulish, politically generated exception of famines in Sudan. We shall see in Chapters 7 and 8 how state-led, inward-looking development created new problems for economic progress, and we shall also see in Chapter 9 how attempts to shift the balance between state and market have always been politically driven and have often been politically blocked.
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